Macular degeneration is a chronic eye disorder that causes the breakdown of the macula of your eye, resulting in loss of central vision. The condition usually occurs in seniors, which is why it’s often called age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Some cases, however, are hereditary, putting children and young adults at risk of developing this disease. The following FAQs from Logos Vision in Hamilton Township, NJ, provide more information about this condition.
What are the different types of AMD?
Macular degeneration can be divided into two types: dry AMD and wet AMD. Dry AMD is more common and can result from the thinning of macular tissue due to aging or the deposit of bits of protein (drusen) in the macula of the eye. Wet AMD is caused by abnormal blood vessels leaking blood or fluid into the macula of your eye and damaging retinal cells. The loss of retinal cells can cause blind spots in your central vision.
How can I tell if I have AMD?
The following are some warning signs that you may have macular degeneration:
- Blurry spots in your line of vision
- Straight lines appearing distorted or wavy
- Constantly needing more light to read or perform daily tasks
- Loss of straight-ahead vision
- Fading of colors
- Haziness in overall vision
If you notice changes in your vision, see your Hamilton Township optometrist for a checkup. The sooner you get a diagnosis for AMD, the sooner you can start managing your symptoms to protect your vision.
Can AMD affect only one eye? Or does it always affect both?
AMD can affect one eye. However, if one eye is affected, it’s more likely the disease will eventually spread to the other eye.
Can macular degeneration lead to blindness?
As AMD only impairs central vision, you won’t go totally blind as you will still have peripheral vision. Left untreated, however, AMD will seriously reduce the quality of your sight.
Is AMD painful?
No, macular degeneration is not a painful disease. In the early stages, you may have no visual symptoms at all. Through routine eye care, your optometrist can detect early signs of this disorder to make it easier to manage the symptoms.
How is AMD treated?
There’s no cure for this condition. Your eye doctor may recommend medication injections, photodynamic therapy or laser surgery to control symptoms of wet AMD. Eye supplements may be helpful in delaying the progression of dry macular degeneration. Catching AMD in its early stages is the key to minimizing its devastating effects on your vision.
See Your Hamilton Township Optometrist for AMD Diagnosis and Treatment!
To learn more about managing AMD and AMD treatments, contact Logos Vision in Hamilton Township at 609-587-3937.