A comprehensive eye exam at Logos Vision can detect signs of age-related macular degeneration (AMD), an eye disease that is the leading cause of irreversible vision loss in seniors. It is crucial that you be examined by our eye doctor in Hamilton Township, especially if you're between the ages of 50 and 65. Patients diagnosed with AMD can receive treatment to slow its progression and prevent loss of central vision.
What Causes Macular Degeneration?
This eye disease occurs due to a gradual deterioration of the macula, usually in both eyes. The macula is a tiny spot in the center of the retina responsible for central vision, eye focus, and visual clarity. It also helps you to see and read fine prints, differentiate colors, recognize faces, and drive a car.
Types of AMD
AMD can be wet or dry, but the dry type is more common and more likely to cause severe vision loss as it progresses. Dry AMD happens when the layer of the macula gets thin and discolored leading to blurred or reduced central vision. A yellowish tissue called drusen may also appear under the retina. Wet AMD usually starts dry and occurs when new blood vessels grow and leak blood or fluid into the macula.
Symptoms of Degenerated Macula
The presence of drusen and retinal discoloration are indicators of AMD in its early stages. However, the condition does not always progress beyond this stage. AMD causes these common symptoms in its advanced stages:
- Blurry or fuzzy vision
- Straight lines appear wavy
- Colors appear pale
- Trouble recognizing faces
- Increased sensitivity to light
- A blind spot in the field of vision
- Needing brighter light for reading or near work
Treatment for Macular Degeneration by Our Eye Doctor in Hamilton Township
Early detection and AMD treatment by an eye doctor may help reduce vision loss. Our optometrist, Dr. Abadeer, will dilate your pupil to observe the macula and perform visual acuity tests such as the Amsler Grid Test to detect problems with the retina and central vision.
Dry AMD treatment:
There is currently no treatment for dry AMD, although a combination of certain nutritional supplements may be prescribed to slow its progression. Additionally, single-vision or bifocal reading glasses or contact lenses may be prescribed to enhance your vision.
Current treatments for wet AMD include:
- Anti-VEGF Drugs: An anti-VEGF medicine such as Lucentis and Avastin can be injected into the eye to slow blood vessel growth. These drugs also help slow down vision loss and may improve vision.
- Laser Surgery: Laser procedures such as photocoagulation or photodynamic therapy are done to seal off the leaking blood vessels. Surgery also helps reduce blood vessel growth.
Schedule Your Comprehensive Eye Exam Today!
If you noticed these unusual vision changes, call Logos Vision at 609-587-3937 to book an appointment with our Hamilton Township eye specialist.